AV1 video format
AV1 (AOMedia Video 1) is a royalty-free video format by the Alliance for Open Media, meant to succeed its predecessor VP9 and compete with the [HEVC/H.265](/hevc) format.
AVIF image format
A modern image format based on the [AV1 video format](/av1). AVIF generally has better compression than [WebP](/webp), JPEG, PNG and GIF and is designed to supersede them. AVIF competes with [JPEG XL](/jpegxl) which has similar compression quality and is generally seen as more feature-rich than AVIF.
HEVC/H.265 video format
The High Efficiency Video Coding (HEVC) compression standard is a video compression format intended to succeed H.264. It is hard for browsers to universally support HEVC because it is [complex and expensive to license](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/High_Efficiency_Video_Coding#Patent_licensing). HEVC competes with [AV1](/av1) which has similar compression quality and provides a free license.